The Jokhang is a a Tibetan Buddhist temple, or the Tibetan Buddhist temple, as it is considered the paramount institution in Tibetan Buddhism. Locating at the center of the city of Lhasa, it is significant not only for its religious value yet also for its peerless significance in Tibetan politics, civil life, and architectural history. The monastery is believed to be built since the seventh century under the regime of Songtsen Gampo, who is believed to had filled a lake in order to build the monastery.
Like the Potala Palace, the Jokhang is also believed to be built for the two queens of Bhrikuti and Wencheng, and along with the the Ramoche, which is considered the second most-important temple in Lhasa and Tibet, the two temples were constructed to house two statues of Buddha- the Akshobhya Vajra (depicting the Buddha at the age of eight) brought by Bhrikuti and the Jowo Rinpoche statue(depicting Buddha at the age of twelve) brought by Wencheng. Two statues are priceless and the spiritual anchor to pious believes from everywhere; many devout believers would prostrate all the way from homes that could be hundreds of miles apart, which can take years, to rest themselves in front of the two statues, which is all the rewards they need.
The Jokhang and the Ramoche, like the Parthenon to Athens, the The Jokhang and the Ramoche are truely the soul of the city of Lhasa, and around the two temples is the Barkhor street-the main route for circumanbulation in Lhasa and the commercial center of Tibet throughout much of its history.
During the cultural revolution, The Jokhang as well as numerous religious sites across China was putted to the edge of their ends, and in response to the central proposal to abandon the “old and rotten cultures,” the sacred Jokhang was attacked by the red guards and forced into a slaughterhouse, but fortunately the built was putted into action before the revolution ended in 1972, and right now it is once again a place of faith and purity.